perennial

European Liverleaf

Hepatica nobilis

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European Liverleaf (Hepatica nobilis) at Canadale Nurseries

European Liverleaf flowers

European Liverleaf flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Plant Height:  4 inches

Flower Height:  6 inches

Spacing:  5 inches

Sunlight:  partial shade  full shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4a

Other Names:  Liver Leaf

Ornamental Features

European Liverleaf has white flowers with yellow eyes and plum purple centers at the ends of the stems in mid spring, which are interesting on close inspection. Its lobed leaves remain light green in color throughout the year. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

European Liverleaf is an herbaceous evergreen perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance plant, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

European Liverleaf is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • General Garden Use

Planting & Growing

European Liverleaf will grow to be only 4 inches tall at maturity extending to 6 inches tall with the flowers, with a spread of 6 inches. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 5 inches apart. Its foliage tends to remain low and dense right to the ground. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 5 years.

This plant does best in partial shade to shade. It requires an evenly moist well-drained soil for optimal growth, but will die in standing water. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for clay, alkaline soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in both summer and winter to conserve soil moisture and protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is native to parts of North America, and parts of it are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so care should be exercised in planting it around children and pets. It can be propagated by division.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Garden 
Applications
Flowers 
Ornamental Features