perennial

Narrowleaf Cattail

Typha angustifolia

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Narrowleaf Cattail (Typha angustifolia) at Canadale Nurseries

Narrowleaf Cattail flowers

Narrowleaf Cattail flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  10 feet

Spread:  24 inches

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  3a

Other Names:  Lesser Bullrush, Lesser Reedmace

Description:

This variety forms a clump of narrow grassy leaves, producing upright stems of fat, round, brown cattail flowers during the summer, and will remain into winter; containerize in smaller ponds

Ornamental Features

Narrowleaf Cattail has masses of beautiful spikes of brown catkins rising above the foliage from early to mid summer, which are most effective when planted in groupings. Its grassy leaves are dark green in color. The foliage often turns yellow in fall. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Narrowleaf Cattail is an herbaceous perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other garden plants with less refined foliage.

This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should be cut back in late fall in preparation for winter. It is a good choice for attracting birds to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Invasive

Narrowleaf Cattail is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • General Garden Use
  • Water Gardens
  • Container Planting
  • Bog Gardens

Planting & Growing

Narrowleaf Cattail will grow to be about 10 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.

This plant should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers to grow in moist to wet soil, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America. It can be propagated by division.

Narrowleaf Cattail is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Its large size and upright habit of growth lend it for use as a solitary accent, or in a composition surrounded by smaller plants around the base and those that spill over the edges. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Massing  Garden  Container  Bog  Water 
Applications
Flowers  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features